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Information and communications technology (ICT)


Information and communications technology (ICT) is often used as an extended synonym or as an umbrella term for information technology (IT), but is a more specific term (i.e. more broad in scope) that stresses the role of unified communications[1] and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise softwaremiddleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.[2]

Brahima Sanou, Director of the ITU Telecommunication Development Bureau (BDT) department since January of 2011.

The term ICT is also used to refer to the convergence of audio-visual and telephone networks with computer networks through a single cabling or link system. There are large economic incentives (huge cost savings due to elimination of the telephone network) to merge the telephone network with the computer network system using a single unified system of cabling, signal distribution and management.

However, ICT has no universal definition, as "the concepts, methods and applications involved in ICT are constantly evolving on an almost daily basis."[3] The broadness of ICT covers any product that will store, retrieve, manipulate, transmit or receive information electronically in a digital form, e.g. personal computers, digital television, email, robots;" therefore, "one can say that ICT is concerned with the storage, retrieval, manipulation, transmission or receipt of digital data."[3] More importantly, ICT delineates how these various forms of digital mediums interact with one another to, for example, meet a specified goal.

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Article ID: 9
Category: Knowledgebase
Date added: 2015-09-16 14:42:52
Views: 489
Rating (Votes): Article rated 3.3/5.0 (7)

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